Somalia

Oversigt

Somalia suffers from severely high levels of insecurity, with large swathes of the country beyond central government control and a complex array of external and internal factors thwarting efforts to improve the situation. Despite the formal completion of a political transition in September 2012 with the election of a new president, Somalia continues to be beleaguered by insurgent and clan-based tensions that have characterised the instability and civil war since the collapse of the regime of Siad Barre in 1991. As conflict continues in the south of the country with al-Shabaab, a jihadist insurgency, the northern territory of Somaliland has broken away, forming a de facto state that is functional and effective, despite its lack of international recognition. 

Sundhed, sygdomme og vaccination

Travellers are advised to consult a travel health specialist or general practitioner (GP) to obtain the latest information with regards to what vaccinations are recommended about 4-8 weeks prior to departing Somalia.

The following vaccinations are recommended: Hepatitis A & B, Typhoid, Meningococcal meningitis, Polio, Rabies, MMR, and Tetanus-Diphtheria. A Certificate of Yellow Fever vaccination is also recommended and could be required when you arrive in the country, although the weakness of border controls may make this irrelevant in some instances.

The use of anti-malaria medicine (Lariam, Malarone, or doxycycline) is recommended for all areas in Somalia.

Travellers’ diarrhoea is the most common travel-related medical problem. Take all necessary precautions when drinking water or eating food within the country. Only drink water from sealed bottles. It is advisable to bring anti-diarrhoea medication and Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) to prevent dehydration.

Medical facilities are extremely limited in Somalia and medication is often unavailable. Bring your own medication packed in the original boxes and clearly labelled (in generic names). It is also advisable to bring your own needles.

Sanitation is very poor and the majority of doctors and hospitals will expect cash payment in advance of any treatment offered. This is likely to apply even where travel insurance should cover you.

In the event of serious medical problems it will be necessary to leave the country for better medical facilities. Travel insurance must include emergency medical evacuation and due to the nature of the country, this will require special arrangement.

There are extremely limited medical facilities available for foreign travellers. Banadir Hospital in Mogadishu and Puntland Hospital in Bosaso are sometimes open, but should not generally be relied upon. Hospitals may not be operating due to the high-level of violence in Somalia.

Pas

Passports are required for all nationals entering Somalia, or the Somaliland and Puntland regions in the north. Passports should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay.

Visum

Visas are available on arrival at Mogadishu airport for USD 50 per person and are required to receive permission to enter from the Transitional Federal Government. EU, UK, US, Canadian and Australian travellers all require visas and return tickets. Nationals of other countries are advised to contact their closest embassy in Kenya or Ethiopia, or to contact the nearest Somali embassy for further information.

There may be differences in exact requirements in the regions of Puntland or Somaliland, each of which will issue their own visas at their port of entry. Because of Somaliland’s aspirations for independence, different visas are required to enter Somalia and Somaliland. There is no established authority in Somalia to issue a universally recognised visa.

A Yellow Fever certificate may be necessary for entering into Somalia, but due to the lack of official process, this may not necessarily prevent entry.

For additional information visit TLCS at http://www.tlcsvisas.com/tlcs/   

Somalia
  • Hovedstad: Mogadishu (pop. 1700000)
  • Religion: Islam
  • Tidszone: UTC+03

Landets alarmnumre

  • Politi: 888
  • Brandvæsen: 555
  • Ambulance: 999

Generel risikovurdering:

Critical

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