Brasilien

Oversigt

Crime, civil unrest and mosquito transmitted diseases are the main security threats to consider in Brazil. Crime rates are high, however the situation has improved during recent years and the majority of tourist and business visits are trouble free.

Brazil is currently experiencing a political and economic crisis; demonstrations and protests have been frequent during the last few years and can sometimes become violent.

Mosquito borne diseases such as zika, chikungunya and dengue are a concern. Pregnant women are currently not recommended to visit Brazil due to the suspected connection between zika and microcephaly. Other visitors should take precautions against insect bites.

Sundhed, sygdomme og vaccination

All travellers should visit either their personal physician or a travel health clinic 4-8 weeks before departure. Specifically, travellers should make sure they have received the appropriate boosters or the primary course if not received previously for the following: Hepatitis A, Typhoid, MMR, Yellow Fever and Tetanus-Diphtheria. Rabies and Hepatitis B may also be advised.

The main health risk facing most travellers will consist of gastrointestinal illnesses and vector-borne infections. It is therefore important to employ standard hygiene measures, and protect yourself against mosquito bites. During the cooler, winter season in Brazil (May - September) mosquito populations are reduced, lowering the risk of contracting mosquito-borne infections such as Zika virus, dengue and chikungunya. Note however that the risk of being bitten by infected mosquitos is still present, especially in the Amazon region. The Zika virus can also be transferred sexually, which increase the risk of infection.  

A large zika outbreak has been ongoing in the Americas since 2014, affecting dozens of countries including Brazil. Since the disease can be sexually transfered, and the mosquitoes that transfer the disease are present in virtually all of Brazil, there is a risk of infection in all regions and cities including Rio de Janeiro.   

While the symptoms from Zika are generally quite mild, there are potential complications from the virus which can be serious. This includes Microcephaly and Guillain–Barré syndrome. Microcephaly is a condition where babies are born with a much smaller head than normal, or where the head stops growing after birth.

If you are pregnant, or planning on becoming pregnant in the near future, it is recommended that you postpone any travel to Zika infected areas. Men and women that have traveled to a country with an Zika outbreak should wait eight weeks before having unprotected sex, or attempt to conceive a baby, even if they show no symptoms of the disease.

Proof of Yellow fever vaccination, especially if you have recently visited or come from an infected area, may be required. Yellow fever is a risk in large parts of Brazil. However, in states and cities along the eastern coast the risk is considered low and vaccination is generally not needed, this includes Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. All travellers are however recommended to consult a doctor before travelling and to review their travel plans. 

Malaria prophylaxis should be considered if travelling to Brazil. In general, Malaria is only a risk factor in the northeastern part of Brazil, but you should review your travel plans with a doctor. 

Dengue, Chikungunya and Chagas diseases are also a risk factor in Brazil. 

Brazil’s cities are generally equipped with good medical care although treatment can be expensive and it is common for hospitals to expect payment at the time of assistance. 

Facilities outside of major cities vary in quality and some rural areas have very limited or basic services. Many doctors and hospitals will expect payment in cash, regardless of whether you have travel health insurance.

Medical Facilities in Rio de Janeiro:

Private hospitals usually have adequate equipment and staff compared to public hospitals. Below is a list of some private hospitals in Rio de Janeiro:

Hospital Samaritano (at two locations):

  • Avenida Jorge Curi, 550 – Barra da Tijuca – RJ – (21) 3263-1000
  • Rua Bambina, 98 – Botafogo, Rio de Janeiro - RJ – (21) 3444-1000

Rede D’Or (at various locations):

  • Copa D’Or: Rua Figueiredo de Magalhães, 875 – Copacabana – RJ – (21) 2545-3600
  • Quinta D’Or: Rua Almirante Baltazar, 435 – São Cristovão – RJ – (21) 3461-3600
  • Barra D’ Or: Av. Ayrton Senna, 3079 – Barra da Tijuca – RJ – (21) 2430-3600

Clinica Sao Vicente:

  • R. João Borges, 204 – Gávea – RJ – (21) 2529-4422

Centro Médico Pró-Cardíaco

  • Rua Mena Barreto  29 - Botafogo - RJ -  (21) 2131-1494, (21) 2528-3141.

Centro Médico Barra Shopping

  • Av das Américas 4666, sala 320,  - Barra da Tijuca - RJ -  (21) 2430-9140 

For emergency attendance in obstetrics:

  • Perinatal Laranjeiras: R. das Laranjeiras, 445 – Laranjeiras– RJ – (21) 2102-2300
  • Perinatal Barra: Av. Embaixador Abelardo Bueno, 201 – Barra – RJ – (21) 3722-2000 

Public hospitals with high complexity emergency attendance:

Zona Sul (South-Zone):

  • Hospital Municipal Miguel Couto: Rua Mario Ribeiro, 117 – Leblon – RJ(21) 3111-3799

Barra and Zona Oeste (West-Zone):

  • Hospital Municipal Lourenço Jorge: Av. Ayrton Senna, 2000 – Barra da Tijuca – RJ(21) 3111-4603

Centro (Centre):

  • Hospital Municipal Souza Aguiar: Praça da República, 111 – Centro – RJ(21) 3111-2732

 

To view a map over hospitals of Rio, please click here

Medical Facilities in São Paulo:

Private Hospitals:

Hospital Albert Einstein

Rede São Luiz/Rede D'or (various locations)

Hospital Oswaldo Cruz

Public health in São Paulo is, usually, regarded in local neighborhood centers. However Hospital das Clínicas has a complete range of services, including emergencies. 

 

 

Pas

Visitors to Brazil must be travelling on a passport that is valid for at least six months from the date of entry into the country.

Members of Mercosul Union can travel with national identification documents. It is however advisable to check which national documents are accepted, and the validity required.

Visum

Visa requirements for visits to Brazil are dependent on nationality and in all instances visitors are advised to contact their embassy or consulate to enquire about their individual travel document necessities. The cost of a visa also varies according to nationality.

Most European Union citizens (with some exceptions) do not require a tourist visa to visit Brazil for an initial maximum stay of 90 days. This duration can be extended once inside Brazil and, if required, travellers must visit a branch of the federal police at least two weeks before the expiry of their visa.

Visitors from the United States usually require visas. 

Visitors must hold an onward/return flight ticket or evidence that they intend to leave the country by alternative means. You may also be required to provide evidence that you possess sufficient funds for the duration of your stay.

For additional information visit TLCS at http://www.tlcsvisas.com/tlcs/   

Brasilien
  • Hovedstad: Brasília (pop. 2914830)
  • Religion: Christianity
  • Tidszone: UTC−02

Landets alarmnumre

  • Politi: 190
  • Brandvæsen: 193
  • Ambulance: 192

Generel risikovurdering:

Medium

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